Q: We lately welcomed a Labrador retriever pet into our household. Our veterinarian recommends that in her spay surgical procedure, the surgeon connect her abdomen to her physique wall to stop it from twisting. Is that this “gastropexy” process protected?
A: Gastropexy is a regular, low-risk surgical process to stop GDV, or gastric dilatation volvulus, additionally known as bloat or abdomen torsion. GDV happens when fuel distends the abdomen (GD) which rotates on its lengthy axis (V) both earlier than or after the distention.
This causes restlessness, drooling, unproductive retching and a painful, distended stomach. GDV can compromise the abdomen’s blood provide sufficient to rupture the organ, and since it interferes with blood circulation to the guts and all through the physique, GDV is deadly with out rapid surgical procedure.
GDV is commonest in large- and giant-breed canine with chests which are a lot taller/deeper than they’re vast. Nice Danes are at highest threat; with out gastropexy, 40% will develop GDV. Different breeds at elevated threat are the Irish setter, Rottweiler, normal poodle, Weimaraner, and to a lesser diploma, the Akita, Bernese Mountain canine, boxer, collie, Doberman pinscher, German shepherd, Gordon setter, Irish wolfhound, mastiff, and Newfoundland Saint Bernard.
A canine can also be extra prone to develop a GDV if she or he is middle-aged or older; has a first-degree relative that had a GDV; has an anxious, fearful or aggressive temperament; you’ve got a gastrointestinal motility dysfunction; eats a single massive meal every day as a substitute of two or extra smaller meals all through the day; or experiences a hectic occasion.
Gastropexy, affixing the abdomen to the precise aspect of the stomach wall, may be finished at any age, together with earlier than bodily maturity. It’s typically carried out on the time of spay or different stomach surgical procedure. It will also be finished by laparoscopic surgical procedure with out opening the stomach. After the process, the abdomen can nonetheless develop into distended with fuel, however it will possibly not twist.
Luckily, gastropexy has a low threat of issues, and analysis exhibits it doesn’t alter regular gastrointestinal motility.
Q: I lately adopted a kitten that sneezes and has a runny nostril. Her veterinarian recognized an higher respiratory an infection however stated an antibiotic wasn’t wanted. I assumed antibiotics cured infections. Why did not the vet prescribe one?
A: Kitten higher respiratory infections, or URIs, are primarily head colds. Scientific indicators, which might fluctuate from gentle to extreme, embrace sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, conjunctivitis, decreased urge for food, lethargy, fever, respiratory misery — and even dying.
Nearly all cat URIs are brought on by the feline herpes and/or calici viruses. Antibiotics haven’t any impact on viruses and typically trigger disagreeable unwanted side effects, equivalent to lack of urge for food, diarrhea and vomiting. So, they’re often prescribed solely when the veterinarian finds the cat has a bacterial an infection.
In case your kitten has solely a viral an infection, her immune system will most likely overcome the viruses, simply because the human immune system kills the viruses that trigger our head colds.
Typically, although, URI viruses injury the respiratory tract sufficient that micro organism thrive. In case your kitten will get worse, stops consuming, has bother respiratory or develops a fever, contact your veterinarian, who could prescribe an antiviral treatment or an antibiotic for a secondary bacterial respiratory an infection.
Higher respiratory infections are extremely contagious amongst cats, though they don’t unfold to people. They are often prevented by vaccination, so it is best to seek the advice of together with your veterinarian as soon as your kitten is again to regular.