My good friend Ray Baxter, a veteran lawyer in Benton, tells nice tales concerning the late Ewell McCright, one other member of the Benton bar. I got here to know Ray when invited to hitch an off-the-cuff lunch group in Benton not lengthy after my spouse and I retired to close by Glen Rose in 2014. Luncheon dialog ranged throughout a broad spectrum, however I heard the title Ewell McCright repeated typically.
I discovered that McCright had been a World Battle II prisoner of conflict, a College of Arkansas legislation faculty graduate, a state legislator, and a reasonably profitable lawyer. However he has aged poorly, changing into an alcoholic and behaving in eccentric methods, together with strolling about carrying nothing however a inexperienced cape. Nonetheless, one can not low cost McCright’s service from him to his fellow POWs in the course of the conflict, which earned him a spot within the historical past of that monumental battle.
Ewell Ross McCright was born Dec. 4, 1917, the son of Lewis and Minnie Donham McCright. Little is thought of his adolescence. Arnold Wright of Benton, who has written a ebook on McCright’s conflict service, wrote that McCright by no means married and by no means had kids. Ray Baxter informed me that McCright was slender and really tall, and when he rose from a chair it was as if he had been unfolding himself, lastly straightening, along with his head towering over everybody.
McCright enlisted within the US Military in December 1940, a 12 months earlier than the assault on Pearl Harbor. He was accepted into Military aviation cadet coaching and assigned to a B-17 bombardier coaching class. Freshly commissioned, Lt. McCright was quickly connected to the eighth Military Air Corps’ 303rd Bombardment Group and despatched to a base in England. The 303rd flew its first mission on Nov. 17, 1942. On the next day, the unit was attacked by 30 German fighters, and fairly remarkably managed to shoot down no less than one fighter earlier than all of the bombers returned safely. That will quickly change.
Initially, the 303rd flew daytime bombing missions at excessive altitudes, and targets had been typically past the vary of their fighter escorts. On his third mission on Jan. 23, 1943, McCright’s plane was hit by enemy hearth with seven of the ten crew members killed earlier than he, the navigator, and the radio operator danced out. McCright landed within the Bay of Biscayne, and the Germans took him prisoner upon his drifting ashore.
His captors took McCright to a neighborhood Luftwaffe jail, the place he was hospitalized for remedy of a heel damage. After being interrogated, he was despatched to a POW camp northwest of occupied Warsaw, Poland. Quickly he was transferred to a big newly constructed Stalag Luft III in Sagan, a Prussian district in far western Poland’s Silesia.
The jail grew quickly to incorporate 5 massive compounds, every containing a number of barracks. British had been housed individually from the American prisoners. The one-story picket barracks had a central hallway which opened into rooms housing six males every. Because the conflict progressed, extra males had been assigned to every room, finally reaching 16.
Every barracks had a washroom, rest room amenities, a mirror, and a cold-water bathe. A coal-burning range sat within the nook of every room to offer warmth. Prisoners slept on three-deck picket bunkbeds atop straw-filled mattresses. A single electrical mild bulb supplied mild, aided considerably by a small window.
The German commandant was Luftwaffe Col. Freidrick-Wilhelm von Lindeiner. He ran the jail by the ebook, however not inhumanely. Late within the conflict he was court-martialed for refusing to cooperate with the Gestapo, however he managed to hold on to his publish and survived the conflict.
Regardless of being closely guarded by German airmen, the prisoners managed to mount ongoing escape makes an attempt. Quite a few escape tunnels had been dug, although all however one had been found by the guards. They sneaked a radio into the compound in a hollowed-out loaf of bread, so the prisoners stored up with conflict information.
Jail closely on McCright at first, however he rebounded when requested by rating American officer Lt. Col. (later Normal) AP Clark to maintain a file of all American prisoners on the camp. Finally, I’ve crammed 4 ledgers with info on some 2,194 prisoners, together with their wartime accidents. Twelve Purple Coronary heart medals had been later awarded based mostly on the ledgers.
The entries are brief however highly effective: Lt. Peter Department of Washington, DC, was wounded when his airplane was shot down over Rouen, France. He managed to elude captors for 33 days earlier than being turned in by a Frenchman. A pilot from California was burned badly when shot down however survived, and later “escaped from Stalag III by reducing wire in daylight. Captured three days later. Positioned in chains upon recapture. Single.”
McCright stored the ledgers effectively hidden, and took them with him when the prisoners had been marched to a brand new jail because the Russian military drew close to. The camp was quickly liberated by American forces, and McCright clung to his data of him. He took them residence upon discharge, inserting the ledgers in a foot locker within the attic. They weren’t found till after McCright’s loss of life in 1990 age 72. He would later be awarded the Legion of Advantage.
McCright used his navy advantages to go to varsity and legislation faculty. After organising a legislation observe in Benton, he was elected to the Arkansas Home of Representatives in 1950. These had been the indicators of a person with a vivid future. Then got here a slow-motion implosion.
Nobody appears to understand how Ewell McCright advanced into the character he grew to become, however proof of his eccentricities — or maybe his psychological situation — grew to become public in his youth when he triggered a commotion by climbing to the highest of the Benton water tower ( which nonetheless stands) and threatening to leap. Alcohol exacerbated his weird conduct from him.
As you would possibly count on, McCright — who owned an enormous gold-colored Chrysler Imperial and a Cadillac — discovered himself going through drunk driving prices a number of instances. He defended himself — together with calling himself to the stand, then working again to the lecturer to ask himself questions.
Ray Baxter, an insurance coverage adjuster on the time, witnessed McCright go right into a yard the place two Rottweiler canines had been rising menacingly. The canines quieted down when McCright, clad in a inexperienced cape and a Russian fur cap, confirmed up and commenced talking in German to them.
McCright by no means misplaced his legislation license, although one lawyer repeatedly complained to the native bar affiliation. Rumor held that McCright was protected by a neighborhood decide.
Tom Dillard is a historian and retired archivist residing close to Glen Rose in Scorching Spring County. Electronic mail him at Arktopia.email@example.com.